There’s a reason why so many workers join unions or choose to be represented by them. Being a part of a union means they have the power to improve their lives.
Fairness, security, and better benefits are just some reasons why employees form a union
When employees feel they don’t have a voice, they sometimes find that strength in numbers helps meet their needs.
In a union, problems are solved more effectively since they’re negotiated by a group. Additionally, aspects of the job that were previously out of their control like hours worked, pay, and benefits are cemented in a legally-binding contract.
To start with a definition, the unionization process is:
The process of organizing the employees of a company into a labor union which will act as an intermediary between the employees and company management. In most cases it requires a majority vote of the employees to authorize a union. If a union is established the company is said to be unionized.
Union Salaries vs. Non-Union Salaries
Interestingly enough, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that in 2017, nonunion workers took home median weekly earnings that were 80% of earnings for union members ($829 compared to $1041 for full-time employees).
The Unionization Process: Major Steps
While membership in a union can provide many benefits, organizing one can take time and requires a great deal of preparation.
If you’re thinking about organizing, here’s a brief overview of what the process entails:
Are you being unfairly targeted or treated with disrespect? Do you feel your pay is lower than others in your industry?
If you think you’re not the only one with these concerns, talk to a few of your co-workers who may be interested in organizing. Once you gather enough support, you can start assembling your committee.
You’ll want your committee to consist of various departments, jobs, genders, and ethnicities so you can have fair representation. These committee members must then be educated on the issues at hand and proper union organizing policies and principles.
For now, you’ll want to keep all discussions and meetings private, although you should know your rights.
Knowing Your Rights
Speaking of rights, you have the right to organize. You also have the right to wear and distribute union materials such as buttons and t-shirts.
Discussing union matters at work, however, may be not be the best place to do it, as your employer can limit work hours to just that.
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) also makes it clear that you cannot be fired or penalized in any way for joining a union or participating in any union-related activities.
Once your committee is formed, they’ll develop a list of demands or issues they’d like to see improve, otherwise known as an issues program.
Committee members will then solicit employees to back their union.
To become eligible for an election, at least 30% of employees must show support, although some committees wait to announce representation until 50% or more of employees sign.
At this point, your campaign will likely be public and you can start handing out flyers, pamphlets, and other informative materials.
After you meet the minimum threshold required for organizing, you’ll submit a petition to the NLRB.
They’ll conduct an investigation into your union’s legitimacy. Once your union is qualified, NLRB agents will facilitate an agreement between your employer and members of your union to determine the setting for election.
This includes date, time, place, and ballot language. A union becomes certified if they win a majority of votes cast.
By the time you get to this step, you’ve won your election and are now preparing to negotiate your issues.
This is where the real work begins, as the bargaining process can be time-intensive and requires a solid issues program. Pressure to meet demand is placed on both sides during negotiation, and compromises are sometimes made. If bargaining is successful, both sides will sign a union contract outlining the improvements.
A GOOD UNION MEMBER STRIVES TO:
LEARN about union rights and benefits
SPEAK UP when the employer violates the contract
ATTEND union meetings, ask questions, and help shape union policies
STAND UP for co-workers in disputes with management
HELP with pickets, community outreach, and other activities that build union power
RESPECT fellow workers regardless of race, gender, age, national origin, religion, or sexual orientation
READ union publications and notices
SUPPORT political candidates who back labor’s agenda
HEED THE CALL when sister unions ask for solidarity